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..« Cornell Colors Are Waving Today

You Can’t Always Tell

As SUGGESTED in this space in recent issues of the Cornell Countryman, farming is not the only occupation for which the College of Agriculture trains its graduates.

For example, agriculiural occupations that are not strictly farming may center around the raising of flowers, especially under glass. Courses in floriculture and ornamental horticulture teach greenhouse methods and the practices connected with the florists’ trade; in fact, some of the most prominent florists in the country are Cornell graduates.

Natural Sciences

Practically all of the courses in what are known as “‘natural sciences,’ or more properly ‘‘nature’’ sciences, are taught in the College of Agriculture. These include meteorology, or the science of the weather; botany, the science of plants and plant life, which has many related sciences or branches, as plant physiology and plant breeding; pomology, or the science of growing fruit. Some coileges list ‘‘olericulture’’ among their courses; Cornell is satisfied in teaching the same subject but, at the College of Agriculture, the plain and simple designation of vegetable crops” is enough.

Sometimes They Change

Suppose one wishes to teach science, or just to teach; the College of Agriculture has courses in rural education and science teaching. One young man entered Cornell to study these educa- tional subjects; he made up his schedule of studies and found that he had to take another course to have enough hours of study required for a term’s work. He learned of a course in wild-life conservation that fitted nicely, and he liked it so well that he then took all of the conservation courses offered by the College. Now he is a valued member of the New York State Conservation Commission and declares that he is happier in his present job than he ever could have been at teaching school.

Make a Start

Regardless of whether you have chosen your career, it is well to get a start on a college education. If you are below the draft age, a year at College gives that start and increases the likelihood that, after the Victory, you will return to complete what you have begun.

In thinking of College, think what your state colleges offer you in free tuition, and in an investment in the riches of know- ledge that can never be taken away from you. As you look toward college entrance next fail, write to learn what the College of Agriculture offers. Address your inquiry to

Director of Admissions Cornell University Ithaca, New York

The Cornell Countryman

Member of the Agricultural College Magazines, Founded 1903 Associated Incorporated 1914 Published Monthly from November to June by students of the New York State Colleges of Agriculture and

Home Economics at Cornell University. York. Printed by Norton Printing Co. dollars; single copies 15 cents.

W. D. MeMillan ’24 .. EDITORIAL BOARD

Marjorie i. Fine °46: «........06.0%0. Feature Editor Germaine Seelye °45 Campus Countryman Nancy Hubbard ’46 Homemaker Nina Kuzmich ’45 Former Student Notes A. W. Gibson ’17 Alumni Editor Al Schwartz '47 Radio Editor

..President Board of Directors

Betsy A. Kandiko °44


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In This Issue

‘News and Views on Ag Research by Al Schwartz and Walt Boek

His Shirt Tails Flying—Short story of the month by C. E. Gascoigne

The Trend in Agricultural Education by Marj

On the Hill

Weeey Sie NOON so osc eine vee ches ca cedesnwes

The Cornell Countryman

June, 1944

New and Views


HE department of Animal Nutri- 7 tion at Cornell has been conduct-

ing investigations for many years in order to attack the feeding problems of farmers and livestock men. Improved feeding results in animals that are more efficient con- verters of grain and roughage into human food.

The small animal laboratory has played an important part in the de- termination of standards of economi- cal and effective feeding. There are kept the mice and rabbits which serve as test animals in the various experi- ments attempted in this research. Per- formed mostly by graduate students, work had been done on longevity, basal metabolism, retarded growth, and chronic diseases. All the experi- ments are carried out with the pur- pose of relating them to problems paralleled in other animals and in humans.

One important experiement is that of Marvin Steinberg ’44 and Norman Kretchmer °’44, concerning gain of weight by yellow mice. Through dif- ferent methods of feeding, they are trying to determine whether or not the deposition of fat in the body tis- sues of the animal is regulated by an inherited factor, or more exactly, to discover what use is made of the available nutrients. The result of these tests may be of significance in their connection with humans having the same health problem of gaining or losing weight.

Another study under investigation is that pertaining to the use of soy- beans and soy flour in breadmaking. The value of adding five percent soy bean flour to the regular wheat flour is undergoing tests, and in addition the preparation of the beans to make them more palatable.

An animal recently imported from Asia may be used in the experiments before long. It is the hamster, a yel- low-brown burrowing rodent, and may prove of value as subject and control animal.

A more practical approach to feed- ing problems is assumed in the animal nutrition lab where work is being done towards better feeding of farm animals. One of the tests concerns the type of proteins in calf starters. Heretofore there had been some source of animal protein, such as meat scraps or fish meal in the calf

« by Al Schwartz and Walt Bock

starters, but new findings have lead to the conclusion that such proteins can be replaced by plant proteins in soybeans, linseed meal and the like, without lowering the quality of the feed.

Another calf feeding problem is that regarding the minimum amount of whole milk fed to calves. With some of the new rations and starters it will be possible to reduce the usual 350 pounds of whole milk needed at present. This means saving to the farmers and releases more fluid milk for human consumption.

The fat percentage in dairy rations is another important matter. In the past it had been proven that four per- cent fat was necessary for optimun milk production. However, in the newer methods of processing the soy- bean, the fat is so lowered that when the meal is mixed in dairy rations it no longer gives them the added fat, and the new ration contains only two-three percent fat. As a result of this there will be a decrease in milk production when the ration is fed. But the fats are more essential for human consumption, and consequent- ly, they will be used in the original form without being transformed into the constituents of dairy products.

This is but a brief survey of some of the work of the animal nutrition- ists. The key note is better experi- mental methods which speed the over- coming of obstacles in the production of food to improve living standards.


HESE are times of labor short- I age and high production goals. Whatever can be done to benefit

farmers in food production is import- ant in winning the war.

Agricultural engineers have intro- duced many new machines to balance the decreased man power supply. And since the haying season is the biggest job for dairymen and the hay itself is the most important single dairy feed, efficiency in its production and harvest is vital. There are several new developments in this field.

Through actual use, the buck rake was made known to farmers as a quick and economical haying imple- ment. It is a machine for lifting and carrying hay from the windrow to the

barn in one operation. Its use means saving of time and labor, and reduc- tion of losses in nutrient value of the hay. It can be built by the farmer with lumber, and a truck body. A set of long wooden teeth are erected on a frame and mounted on the rear of the the truck body. A hoist is attached to lift the teeth ... by hand or by the power of the engine. In use, the truck backs up to the windrow and the hay is forced onto the teeth. When a load has accumulated the teeth are raised from the ground, and the load is driven to the barn. 800-1200 pounds can be carried each trip. In the barn the hay is dumped in a pile or in a sling, by lowering the teeth and draw- ing them out of the hay. The hay is pulled into the mow with the sling or with a grapple fork. The machine is operated by two men, one in the mow, and one working the hoist, but be- cause it is efficient in its use of man- power, it is a labor saving device.

Another way to save labor and pro- vide good quality roughage is to put the hay into the barn before it is completely dry. This can be done by several methods. One system involves crushing the stems following mowing. This speeds drying. After the stems have been crushed between two steel rolls the hay is hoisted into special mows. These mows have flues built in the floor, six feet apart, thus en- abling air to pass through the hay. A blower forces air through these passageways and dries it. During the day the blower is open, but it is shut off at night until the hay is cured. It it possible to cure hay eight feet high at one time. When a layer is cured, another can be placed on top of it and the process repeated, or it can be re- moved to « regular mow.

Hay can also be chopped by a regu- lar ensilage cutter and blower which is drawn through the fields where they hay is picked up from the windrows, cut, and blown into a wagon. Driven to the barn, the hay is then blown into an elevator which deposits it in the mow.

These systems enable the farmer to store hay a few hours after cutting and so decrease the risk of getting it wet and incurring losses from leach- ing; and in each case the hay is of high quality.

Modern machinery is one step in reaching our production goals. The buck rake-and -mow-cured hay may prove to be ways to pass these goals.

Letter to the Editor Dear Ed.

The men of the Ag campus are feeling pretty low these days. For some peculiar reason the women of Plant Science and Caldwell Hall think that we don’t appre- ciate them. We surely do. We can’t understand where they got the silly notions the Ag Hag complained about— (Just like a woman to have dumb ideas!). We would ap- preciate it greatly if you’d print an ode that we have dedicated to them:

Life without a coe-ed Is like pretzels without beer, Is like a soda without ice cream, Is like a car without a gear Oh, life without a co-ed Is like soap without its lye. But, if there’s one thing worse In this universe, It’s a co-ed, I said a co-ed, I mean a co-ed, Without a guy.

As "Fe Were

The New Board

Graduation for the class of ’44 is here, and away with

the class goes the old editor. We will say just one word

to her—‘“Good-bye”—for it is time to welcome the new

editor and the new board:

Marjorie Fine, Editor-in-Chief


Jean Carnell Business Manager

Jean Krumwiede Asst. Business Manager

Alice Latimer Circulation Manager

Louise Green


Nancy Hubbard Home Ec Editor

Germayne Seelye Campus Countryman Editor

Nina Kuzmich Former Student Notes

Rosa Wunsch

To The New Editor

We wonder if you have noticed how much the late editor has not been in the office this past month. You, as trial editor, had to plan the June issue, handle the ads, line up the features, and manage our concession at the carnival; while the editor became notorious for picking better horses than she could ride.

You never said anything, but you probably thought it was queer. We wonder if you won’t do the same thing next year to the new editor. It will be hard on him, but he will be editor, and not a figurehead.

Your work will not be noticed, only your absence from the spotlight, for you will be a back-stage prompter. You will let the editor-to-be play the leading role, even though he misinterpret some lines, for in a few months you will be gone, and he must play the role alone.

His Shirt Tail Flying

~ by C. E. Gascoigne

OUNG Claude Waldo would Y rather fish than eat; he thought

that a person could fish at only one time during the day, whereas he could eat at any time. Maybe he was right; maybe he was wrong. Anyway, Waldo always used to catch fish.

He used to work in a canning fac- tory in the summer, and every night at about six-thirty the populace of Wolcott saw Waldo with his green shirt tail flying racing down the West Main Street hill on his bicycle. The red light on the corner never bothered him; instead of stopping, he would sneak to the right and go around the town fountain at the _ intersection. When he hit Main Street, he would keep right on peddling for all he was worth, skimming past any car that stopped or that was going too slow to suit him. What a sight that was— a flash of green on a bicycle dashing down the street at a speed much too great for safety. People could have understood it if he had been rushing home to supper, but they couldn’t figure out why he was in such hurry to go fishing.

Leaving Main Street, he would go hell bent for leather down another hill, across the mill pond bridge, and up the other hill. Then he would turn to the left, scoot into his own yard, drop the bicycle, and rush into the house. In two minutes he would dash out with a fishing pole and a landing net clasped in his hands. Taking a short cut to the pond, he abandoned his mad rush for the rest of the evening. Skillfully and quietly, he would get into the boat and row easily around the pond, stopping every now and then to cast his old battered plug into the place where a bass should be. More often than not, the bass would be there, and more often than not, he would put it back after he caught it. He caught so many that he would only keep the ones that were big enough to be proud of. When he did catch a big one, he made sure that every one in town knew about

The Cornell Countryman

it, too. Claude Waldo was like that.

Yes, Waldo was like that. It doesn’t seem possible that last sum- mer is just a memory when Waldo was like that. He probably never realized that then would be the last time he would ever go fishing. Last summer he went fishing nearly every night and always caught at least one fish. One night after catching one that weighed a little over four pounds, he thought he had caught the biggest fish in the pond. He felt pretty good about that. Then one night he spied one of the biggest bass he had ever seen strike. He claimed that it would weigh six pounds if it weighed an ounce. Sure, he was excited about it. Who wouldn’t be? I don’t know why he wrote only me all about the “Whopper”. Sure, he told other peo- ple that there was a big bass there, but that was as far as he went. Every- body knew that; they knew Waldo liked to talk, too.

MAYBE he told me about it in his

letters just to fill up space, or maybe he wanted to take my mind off my illness for awhile, or maybe he trusted me? Who knows? From that night on, he was determined to catch the bass, and he didn’t bring a fish home after that. He always said there wasn’t a fish in the pond that he would keep if it wasn’t as big as the “Whopper”. Every night that bass would strike; once he had it right up to the boat and was so excited that he didn’t get the landing net under it in time. Another time the fish leaped out of the water beside the boat and gave him a bath from the splash. Several times he battled with him for three or four minutes, but never could he land him. But Waldo was not the type to give up.

Then one day he heard that some one had caught a bass that weighed slightly under six pounds. Nobody could make him believe that was the “Whopper”, though. The only way to find out was to go fishing; Waldo went fishing that night. Once more Waldo dashed through the streets with his green shirt tail flying. No one ever thought that would be the last time. I wish I could tell you about it as well as Waldo told me. Just a minute now and maybe I can find the letter in which he told me about it. Here it is. Maybe you can get the story better if I read his words.

He says, “. .. I went down to see about the ‘Whcpper’ tonight. It

June, 1944

couldn’t have been a better night to use that old battered plug of mine; you know the kind of a night I mean. The sun was setting and everything was quiet. There wasn’t a ripple on the water, and it was just beginning to get dark. The oars didn’t even squeak; the first time in weeks. I took my time and stopped the boat in just the right place. I sat there for a couple of minutes to kind of get my nerve up and then looked at my old plug. The hooks were sharp enough, and they were attached solid- ly. I took my time casting because it had to be a good cast the first time. I judged the distance carefully and then easily cast the plug. The reel hummed naturally, and the plug hit the water in just the right spot. There wasn’t a sound to be heard, and I let the plug rest on the water for a minute. Then I gave it a little twitch; nothing happened. I waited for a few seconds and gave it another little twitch; still nothing happened. I was working that bait for all I was worth, so if he was there, he just couldn’t possibly resist it. I gave another twich, and everything was quiet. He just had to be there. It was almost dark, and it was just a matter of minutes. One last twitch, and I knew the bass was still there! He was just as big as ever! He fought so hard that he practically tore the bottom off the pond. He got me wet again before he shook the hook! You know, I’ve got a feeling that that bass was made for me to catch; and I'll catch him if it’s the last thing I ss

HE never realized that he would

never catch the “Whopper”. Yes, Waldo was like that; he never gave up without a fight. But now the peo- ple of Wolcott will never again see that flash of green on a bicycle dash- ing through Main Street They will never see that rickety old boat on the pond with Waldo gently pulling on the oars, or hear him say, “Man you should see the bass I caught last night! Why, he’d weigh four pounds if he weighed an ounce!” You see, the time came when Waldo had something else big to fight for. He went fighting on the ocean for the day when he could catch the “Whopper” and tell the whole town about it. But the “Whopper” will never be caught, be- cause Waldo stayed with his ship. He never gave up if he thought he had a fighting chance. Maybe he didn’t even have a fighting chance when he was killed in action.

Cornell Countryman

A Journal of Country Life - Plant, Animal, Human

riculture were young they were

thought of as “trade schools”, as places where young men could learn to be better farmers than their fathers had been. The students went through their training and returned to the home farm, and there it was learned that they were not the best farmers in the community. They knew the scientific name of the organism caus- ing Bang’s disease, but they couldn’t keep the abortions out of their herds. And perhaps folks began to wonder just what the boy had been learning while he was at college.

Ll: the days when the colleges of ag-

The story of what he had been learning is this . . . He came to the college to learn the best way to farm. But by the time he had been gradu- ated he had become divorced from actual farm practice, and more in- volved in the experiments behind the techniques of operation. His inter- ests became focused on improving breeds of livestock, selection and crossing of plants to develop varieties of crops adapted to various soil and climatic conditions, engineering, ag- ronomy, plant pathology, dairy in- dustry, economics of production and distribution, in short, he had become interested in applied science. He was not the best farmer, but he was a good research man. "

Times were changing. The farm was becoming more specialized. Farm- ers bought clothing in town; they bought food in town. And they didn’t try to grow a little of everything on their land. They began to grow the crops best suited to their area, and had supplies of products they couldn’t grow well sent in from places where they were easy to grow. Farmers spent their time on enterprises that paid best, and before long they noticed that it took fewer men to till the same acreage, and that there was enough produced by one man to send another to the city to produce manufactured goods. Farms weren’t self-sufficient; they were commercial. Prices became important, increased production be- came important. That is why the son who went to college began to learn

Ithaca, New York, June, 1944

The Trend

* by Marjorie L. Fine

about prices, about improving effi- ciency on the farm, about better ani- mals and plants. And so, the colleges, though they may have seemed to, did not fail the farmer. They gave him the men who laid the foundations for nodern agriculture.

Some may wonder why it is then that each farmer runs his farm differently, why farming did not become stand- ardized as did industry. The reasons

that agriculture is not pursued by factory methods are many. Farming deals with living things; farming de- pends on weather; by-products must be utilized on the land from which they originated; soils vary, not only from farm to farm, and field to field, but even from one part of a field to another. The key note in agriculture is variation. It might be said that the only thing that does not change is the fact that everything else does change. Agriculture itself has not matured. It would be a catastrophe if the stage were ever reached from which we could no longer grow and develop.

The agricultural colleges have de- veloped but full maturity cannot be reached. Their work is never done. It has become evident that what is good today may not be satisfactory within the span of a few years. We cannot rely on smut resistant varieties of the small grains to be resistant to new races of the smuts which appear

as mutations and hybrids just as the hosts themselves have done. In short the work that has been done by these colleges cannot be regarded as com- pleted. Continually, weaknesses be- come apparent, and it is clearly seen that the time has not come to close the laboratory and experimental field.

Plant breeding is less than half a century old; agricultural economics is half the age of p'tant breeding. The social sciences have reached a point in their development analagous to the physical sciences at the time it was discovered that fire is not composed of either angry spirits nor matter.

gricultural research is not yet in full bloom.

One of the ‘research problems that lies ahead is analysis of farm opera- tion. At present all that has been done is to describe individual farm jobs and farm organization. What must be done is to analyze in- dividual farms. This is important because labor is the scarce factor of production in the United States, and is the largest single cost of the business. For this reason it must be used to the greatest advantage. Efficiency is es- sential, and becomes increasingly so with the passage of time and the im- provement in technology. Efficiency is a measure of the use of time. To attain high efficiency time must be planned so that the right thing is done at the right time. Farmers who read this are not learning anything new, for they know what must be done. But perhaps they do not know that “time consciousness” can be taught.

One of the functions of the agri- cultural colleges is to aid the student in learning how to analyze a problem and to solve it methodically. Success in this function of the colleges is fully as important as their contributions resulting from experiments in applied sciences. For if they can equip the student to recognize problems and to work them through they will have pro- duced successful farmers, and success- ful men. They will have given the student tools. Without them he is lost. But with them he can build a still greater agriculture, and a greater America.

Memories Linger

Spring Day is over; and all of us have memories of one grand hectic weeked.

We will be able to tell our children about the great military revue and the earnival. Concessions of all sorts adorned the fie!d. I couldn’t resist the temptation to stop at the Cornell Countryman booth and pound those nails in. I finally won a corncob pipe after several tries (incidently, I also received a black and blue thumb; I think the nails were crooked).

Everywhere I turned, sound of “Step right up and have a nice sizzling hamburger or hot dog,” “Ice cream— this way please” and “How about some candy to give to your best girl.”

The Skunk Hollow Carnival will al- ways remain the big weekend for the class of ’44.

Les Brown’s orchestra did a bang up job on the Spring Day formal where all danced around the May- pole. Doris Day, the vocalist, added sparkle to the evening. President and Mrs. Edmund Day, Col. and Mrs. Edwin Van Duesen, Capt. and Mrs. Burton Chippendale, Major and Mrs. Jewett and Mrs. Phillip Olin and Lt. Commander C. B. Reemelin were the receiving line.

Grange Activities

The Grange initiated the following members with the first and second de- gree status:

Jean Carnell Sidney Hart Frank Reynolds

They will receive the third and

fourth degree status in June.

To Collect Milkweed Pods

Ralph Y. DeWolfe, state chairman of the U.S.D.A. War Board heads a program to collect 1,500,000 pounds of milkweed floss this year. Most of the gathering of the floss will be done by schoolchildren in July, August, and Semptember. The milkweed floss will serve as a substitute for kapok used in the manufacture of life jackets and aviator’s suits for our armed services. The War Hemp Industry will provide a worker to help with the program and to furnish mesh bags for the pods.

The Cornell Countryman

On The Hill

Betsy Kandiko °44

When a sunny day rolls around, the Cornell Countryman editor cannot be found in the office. She is out horse- back riding. When she dashes into the office, mud on her plaid shirt, the freckles scraped off her nose, the hardened staff nods casually, “Fall off again?” Some day she will quit racing with good riders.

Betsy, a senior in the Home Ec school, comes from Ancram, N. Y. Al- though she worked off campus her freshman year, she not only took part in campus activities, but also received the highest grades in her class that year. She became a member of the Debate Club and of Kermis, the upper campus dramatic club. In her sopho- more year she was appointed to the Off-Campus Straight Committee, and became a compet for the Cornell Dra- matic Club. She also made the Coun- tryman board that year. She entered the Home Ec Public Speaking Stage

June, 1944

both her freshman and sophomore years. During her junior year, she became former students notes editor of the Countryman, and is now editor- in-chief.

For a month this term she worked as an associate editor of the Cornell Alumni editing the alumni notes.

While at Cornell, she held these scholarships: the New York State Bankers’ Association Scholarship, the Robert M. Adams 4-H Memorial, the Stite Cash, and the Martha Van Rens- selaer Alumnae.

Her favorite activities are dancing, horseback riding, swimming, and lis- tening to the hit parade on Saturday night before a date with the Navy. Concerts at Bailey Hall also rate.

She is a member of Pi Delta Gam- ma, women’s honorary journalistic so- ciety, and of Omicron Nu, senior hon- orary society in home economics. Her major has been journalism.

As yet Betsy is undecided as to what she is going to do when she finishes college, but at this point is consider- ing joining the Marines, being an air stewardess, spending the summer on a dude ranch, and settling down to a real job in journalism.


Art Shows

“An appreciation of art can be in- creased by repeated visits to art shows,” says Virginia True, an assist- ant Professor at the New York State College of Home Economics. “Art makes one feel and live more intense- ly, and exihibts open the doorway to art,” she explained. The appreciation of works of art involves both the artist and the layman. Since art is visual it must be seen; since it is mental, it must be understood; as it is emotional, it must be felt.

A trained person, versed in tech- nical knowledge, has a far greater chance to appreciate art than does the untrained person.

“Art feeds on life, and since life changes, art cannot be static. What intersts the artist will sooner or latter interests the artist will sooner or later why annual exhibits are useful, they show new trends from year to year.

Recent exhibits in the Martha Van Rensselaer Art Gallery have included a group of paintings sent to this country by the Brazilian government.

June, 1944

The Cornell Countryman

Former Student Notes


Elwood L. Chase was appointed di- rector of the transportation division of the War Food Administration in the US Department of Agriculture on April 15. After graduation from the University, he did farm management and extension work in New Jersey, and for four years was agricultural agent in Ulster county. For the past twenty years he has been in the feed and grain business with the coopera- tive GLF mills. As chairman of the Lower Lakes grain committee, Chase has worked with the War Food Ad- ministration in solving problems of shipping and handling grain on the Great Lakes.


Paul R. Young has just completed the manuscript for his second junior text on gardening called Garden Graphs, Book Two. The first book, Elementary Garden Graphs, was pub- lished in 1942. Young is garden editor of the Cleveland News and_ schoo! garden supervisor on the city’s Board of Education.


Ina S. Lindman, author of a new cook book for the U. S. Navy, was recently featured in the New Yorker’s “Talk of the Town.” She is working for the United Fruit Company and to date has worked out over 600 new recipes for bananas. Her chief am- bition is to do a specialized cook book for use in submarine and aircraft galleys.”


W. King White was featured in a recent issue of the Cleveland Plain Dealer. A descendent of the manu- facturers of the White Sewing ma- chine and the White Steamer auto- mobile, he has built the Cleveland Tractor Company to its present im- portance. He was behind the “Cle- trac”, first with Wilkins at the North Pole, first with Byrd at the South Pole, and now its “cousin” the bull- dozer, found on every battlefield to- day.

98 Dorothy DeLany is the assistant 4-H Club leader for New York State, with headquarters in Roberts Hall at the University.


Lieutenant Donald T. Ries is sta- tioned at Greensboro, North Carolina, as assistant medical inspector in the USAAF Training Command Center.

John E. Coykendall has gone west to Tuscon, Arizona, where he is now employed by Consolidated Aircraft Corporation.


Elton Hanks is back in Ithaca as assistant farm land supervisor. He was formerly agricultural agent for Rensselaer County.

Calvin Russell II is working in the farm loan department of the Metro- politan Life Insurance Company, Rochester, Minn.


Ensign Stewart C. Smith is now on active sea duty with the USCGR. He received his commission at the US Coast Guard Academy after four months of preliminary training.

Richard Eglington has accepted a position as head of sanitation in the Connecticut State Department of Heaith, Hartford. Before that he was city bacteriologist in Ithaca.

led Cooter)

. ; Oo.

Giff Hoag is doing a great deal of traveiing these days—on business, of course. He is working in the informa- tion and extension division of the Farm Credit Administration, Kansas City, Missouri.


Ruth E. Broderick is a dietitian at the Colon Hospital, Cristobal, Canal Zone.